Bol Asoc Med P R. 2010 Jan-Mar;102(1):10-2.
Exclusive breastfeeding reduces asthma in a group of children from the caguas municipality of Puerto Rico.
Department of General Pediatrics, UPR School of Medicine, San Juan, PR 00936-5067.
Breast-feeding is the preferred method of infant nutrition. Its role in preventing childhood asthma is controversial.
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether breastfeeding protects against the development of bronchial asthma in children.
METHODS: A survey was answered by parents of children less than 18 years of age attending a Pediatric clinic at Cidra, Puerto Rico from July to December 2008.
RESULTS: A group of 175 mothers were included in the study. The mean age was 28 years (range 14-50). The mean age of the children was 5 years. There was family history of asthma in 64% of the families. The prevalence of asthma in these children was 50%. Sixty-six percent of the mother’s breastfed but only 27% did it exclusively. Children who were exclusively breastfed had a lower prevalence of asthma and milk protein allergy.
CONCLUSIONS: This study correlates with literature reports linking exclusive breastfeeding to a reduction in asthma and other allergic diseases.
Supported byWidodo judarwanto, pediatrician
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